There are always a number of students in foreign language classes that can't seem to keep up with the pace of the other students. The following four theories may help teachers pinpoint the root of their ESL / EFL students' difficulties.
One reason why ESL and EFL students may be having difficulty learning a foreign or second language is that they rely heavily on their native language (L1) writing system and the English orthography differs greatly to their L1.
If you have students in your classrooms who are under-performing in an unexpected way and their progress does not correspond to the amount of work and determination they are investing, it is possible they have an undiagnosed learning disability or specific learning disorder.
ESL EFL teachers or professionals need to be aware that English language students have qualities and learning differences that can enhance or hold back their language acquisition process. However, the language itself also has components that may inhibit learning.
Today, in classrooms, hundreds of struggling EFL ESL students of all ages and levels sit frustrated and suffering and feeling like failures. Teachers often wonder why they can’t keep up and view them as ‘slow learners’ or think “they are not motivated and just not trying hard enough”. Most teachers of English aren’t trained to instruct students who do not fit into the ‘norm’.