There are various ways of presenting English grammar. If students aren’t responding to the techniques used, teachers perhaps need to think, let’s simplify it.
There are 12 major verb tenses in the English language (always under discussion). And they can be confusing to learn and their names difficult to remember.
I remember one of my first practice teaching sessions was preparing a review of all the tenses and aspects. As a new teacher, all I could remember with the added stress of facing Advanced Level adults was, they all began with P except for Future which I felt I wouldn’t reach if I didn’t succeed in that lesson.
One method I adopted when I was teaching English to EFL ESL pupils with learning disabilities and disorders was to colour code the tenses they had to learn.
As mentioned above, the names of these tenses are very similar and these children had great difficulty remembering the names but could remember their colours. In fact, they would often say, is that the light blue one?
Every activity or worksheet I prepared would be colour-coded and tenses highlighted. This was very useful when differentiating, comparing and contrasting the use of one tense with another.
As the students progressed, they were given tasks to find tenses and highlight them in their assigned colour and name them.
Not only did the colours provide great associations, they brightened up often potentially dull grammar exercises.
If you do decide to use this colour coding system, plan out what colours are going to represent which tense before you embark on this so you don’t start repeating colours.
In addition to helping the students, it helps you as a teacher, because it’s easier to file and find worksheets later because of the colours.
If you don’t have time to create your own chart and want the one down below – you can find it here and adapt it if you wish.
If you are interested in finding out more about how to quickly and easily recognise and help struggling students, join other teachers and professionals and check out my free 26-page handbook.
Copyright Lesley Lanir. Contact the author to obtain permission for republication.
Disclaimer: Content on this site is for educational purposes. If you re-use any content please include original source and copyright information.